The United Nations estimated Tuesday that around $1 billion (840 million euros) were needed to respond to the humanitarian crisis in Nigeria’s restive northeast, where 5.1 million people are at risk of acute hunger.
Despite ongoing military operations to end a decade-long extremist insurgency, the conflict continues to kill and force people from their homes.
“As many as 5.1 million people are threatened by acute hunger during the upcoming lean season – the worst outlook in four years,” the UN’s office for the coordination of humanitarian affairs said in a statement.
Nigeria’s humanitarian community, in partnership with the government, launched its Humanitarian Response Plan for 2021, requesting $1.0 billion to provide humanitarian assistance, up from $839 million last year.
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In 2020, funding was severely affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, with only 55 percent of the needed money secured.
This year, the funds are aimed at 6.4 million vulnerable people, the UN said, out of a total of 8.7 million people in need.
“Longstanding insecurity and violence, compounded by climate change, and the impact of COVID-19 are increasing the vulnerability of close to nine million people,” it added.
The UN’s humanitarian coordinator in Nigeria, Edward Kallon, said it was time to review the approach to the crisis.
“There are no humanitarian responses to a humanitarian crisis – we can save lives and create hope, but we must look at holistic approaches that address prevention, development,” Kallon told reporters in Abuja.
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The UN and aid agencies have recently said they were being directly targeted by jihadists in Nigeria, complicating the humanitarian response.
Nigeria is Africa’s top oil producer and is the continent’s most populous country, with 200 million people.
The extremist conflict which has killed 36,000 people and displaced around two million, has spread to neighboring Chad, Cameroon and Niger, prompting a regional military coalition to fight the insurgents.
The conflict is only one of the security issues facing the country where security forces face kidnap gangs in the northwest and central states, and piracy in the south.